The Department of Workplace Standards has the statutory authority and oversight to carry out the administrative duties of the Divisions of Employment Standards, Apprenticeship and Mediation, Workers’ Compensation Funds, Labor-Management Relations and Mediation, and the Occupational Safety and Health Program. 
This Department of Workplace Standards has the responsibility of enforcing the statutes established in Chapters 207, 336, 337, 338, 339, 342, and 345 of the Kentucky Revised Statutes. 
The Division of Workers' Compensation Funds is responsible for the administration of the Special Fund and the Coal Workers’ Pneumoconiosis Fund.  This responsibility includes payment of claims and maintenance of appropriate records. 
The Division of Employment Standards, Apprenticeship and Mediation is responsible for the enforcement of wage and hour laws, child labor laws, various discrimination laws, and the management and enforcement of prevailing wage rate determinations.  This division is also responsible for the oversight and promotion of the state’s registered Apprenticeship and Training program.
Labor-Management Relations and Mediation provides resources to the Commonwealth's entire workforce to meet their labor-management relations needs.
The Occupational Safety and Health Program exercises jurisdiction for the enforcement, on-site consultation, standards promulgation, and training services related to workplace safety and health.